These military nursing records are comprised of the Register of the Royal Red Cross,1883-1994.

The Royal Red Cross (RRC) was first awarded in 1883 'for special exertions in providing for the nursing, or for attending to, sick and wounded soldiers and sailors'. So special was this award, that by the outbreak of WWI only 246 women had been considered worthy of the honour during the preceding 31 years. With new classes of medal introduced, this rose to 6,741 by 1922. Fewer were awarded during WWII and peacetime and men became eligible for the first time in 1976. The RRC awards are entered in three ledgers, the originals of which are held at The National Archives in class WO145. In total, the RRC Register documents more than 9,500 awards to a total of 8,969 individuals over a period of more than 110 years.