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queen elizabeth genealogy

Who's who on the Queen's family tree?

Picture of Niall Cullen - Content Marketing Lead
Niall Cullen
18 May 2022

Take a closer look at Queen Elizabeth II’s ancestry and the British royal family tree.

Romance, scandal, tragedy. Queen Elizabeth II’s family history has seen it all. How well do you know each of the Queen’s ancestors and descendants? We’ve built the royal family tree to give you all the facts you need on the monarchy, including who’s related to who, their relationship to the Queen and the stories they'll be remembered for. Plus, the interactive example shows you all the nifty features available on Findmypast's family tree builder. Perfect for having a tinker before you start your own family tree with us.

Explore the Queen's family tree

There's no denying that certain individuals on the Queen’s royal family tree have led privileged but dramatic lives. You only have to binge-watch a season of The Crown to realise that.

Some of the most memorable royal family stories have come in recent times. So, who are the Queen's immediate and extended family?

The royal family tree today

Have you ever asked yourself who is Prince Michael of Kent or who is Prince Edward married to? Before we look back at the Queen’s genealogy, let's unravel her modern family ties.

British royal family tree

Queen Elizabeth II's family. Explore in detail.

As Netflix's The Crown proves, life has been far from straightforward for the Queen and her closest relatives over the last few decades.

Prince Philip

Prince Philip family tree

Born: 10 June 1921.

Died: 9 April 2021.

Father: Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark.

Mother: Princess Alice of Battenberg.

Spouse: Queen Elizabeth II.

Children: Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward.

Siblings: Margarita, Theodora, Cecile and Sophie.

Prince Philip stood dutifully by the Queen’s side from when they married in 1947 until he died in 2021. He was actually born in Greece but his family were exiled from there while he was a young child. A Second World War veteran, at his death Philip was the oldest-ever male member of the British Monarchy.

Princess Margaret

Born: 21 August 1930.

Died: 9 February 2002.

Father: King George VI.

Mother: Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (The Queen Mother).

Spouse: Antony Armstrong-Jones.

Children: David and Sarah.

Sibling: Queen Elizabeth II

Princess Margaret family tree

The Queen’s younger sister and only sibling led quite the colourful life. After a controversial relationship with Captain Peter Townsend, she married photographer Antony Armstrong-Jones in 1960. The marriage fell apart in 1978 amid rumours of Margaret’s extra-marital affairs. A heavy smoker, much of Margaret's later years were dogged by ill-health.

Prince Charles

Prince Charles family tree

Born: 14 November 1948.

Father: Prince Philip.

Mother: Queen Elizabeth II.

Spouses: Princess Diana and Camilla Parker Bowles.

Children: Prince William and Prince Harry.

Siblings: Anne, Andrew and Edward.

The heir apparent to the British throne is arguably one of the most divisive members of the British Royal Family. On the one hand, he’s widely praised by the public for his ongoing community work and sense of duty. However, his troubled first marriage to the ever-popular Princess Diana has also led to criticism from some. Charles married his longtime companion Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005. He is grandfather to some of the newest additions to the royal family tree, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle's children, Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor and Lilibet Diana Mountbatten-Windsor.

Princess Anne

Born: 15 August 1950.

Father: Prince Philip.

Mother: Queen Elizabeth II.

Spouses: Mark Phillips and Timothy Laurence.

Children: Peter Phillips and Zara Tindall.

Siblings: Charles, Andrew and Edward.

Princess Anne family tree

The Queen’s only daughter was once second in line to the throne but as the Royal family has grown, she's been pushed further down the accession list. Known for her equestrian skills, she was the first member of the British Monarchy to compete at the Olympics. She’s been married twice, divorced once and even subjected to a kidnapping attempt in the 1970s.

Prince Andrew

Prince Andrew family tree

Born: 19 February 1960.

Father: Prince Philip.

Mother: Queen Elizabeth II.

Spouse: Sarah Ferguson.

Children: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie.

Siblings: Charles, Anne and Edward.

Prince Andrew saw active military service during the Falklands War. He’s also another of the Queen’s children whose marriage ended in divorce. In more recent times, he’s been at the centre of controversy surrounding his friendship with Jeffrey Epstein, a convicted sex offender.

Prince Edward

Born: 10 March 1964.

Father: Prince Philip.

Mother: Queen Elizabeth II.

Spouse: Sophie Rhys-Jones.

Children: Louise and James.

Siblings: Charles, Anne and Andrew.

Prince Edward family tree

The youngest of the Queen’s four children took on many of his father’s official duties when Prince Philip retired in 2017. Early in life, he dropped out of the military to pursue a career in entertainment, eventually establishing a now-defunct TV production company.

The Queen's extended family

The Queen's family tree has many branches. Now you know her husband, children and sister a little better, here are some of her other closest relatives.

The Queen has eight grandchildren:

  1. Peter Phillips, born in 1977 to parents Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips. Mark married Autumn Kelly in 2008 and was divorced in 2021.
  2. Zara Tindall, born in 1981 to parents Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips. Zara married Mike Tindall in 2011.
  3. Prince William, born in 1982 to parents Prince Charles and Princess Diana. William married Kate Middleton in 2011.
  4. Prince Harry, born in 1984 to parents Prince Charles and Princess Diana. Harry married Meghan Markle in 2018.
  5. Princess Beatrice, born in 1988 to parents Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson. Beatrice married Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi in 2020.
  6. Princess Eugenie, born in 1990 to parents Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson. Eugenie married Jack Brooksbank in 2018.
  7. Lady Louise Windsor, born in 2003 to parents Prince Edward and Sophie, Countess of Wessex.
  8. James, Viscount Severn, born in 2007 to parents Prince Edward and Sophie, Countess of Wessex.

Between them, the Queen's grandchildren have 12 children of their own, Her Majesty's great-grandchildren.

What about the Queen's, aunts, uncles and cousins? Who are they and where do they fit in the royal family tree?

Queen Elizabeth II has 14 aunts and uncles (not including in-laws) and 31 first cousins. Her mother had nine siblings while her father, King George VI had five. The Queen's cousins include Princess Alexandra, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, Prince Michael of Kent, Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester and Princess Anne of Denmark.

Exploring the royal family tree today is fascinating but delving into the Queen's genealogy is arguably even more so. Let's dig a little deeper into the Queen's direct ancestry, stretching back four generations into the early 1800s.

The Queen's family tree

Queen Elizabeth II was born Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on 21 April 1926 in Mayfair, London.

Queen Elizabeth II family tree

The Queen's ancestors on her family tree. Explore in detail.

King George VI

King George VI family tree

Born: 14 December 1895.

Died: 6 February 1952.

Father: King George V.

Mother: Queen Mary of Teck.

Spouse: Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (The Queen Mother).

Children: Queen Elizabeth II, Princess Margaret.

Siblings: King Edward VIII, Mary, Princess Royal, Prince Henry, Prince George and Prince John.

The Queen’s father, George VI was King from 1936 until his death in 1952. He served in the military during the First World War and was seen as a popular symbol of British resilience while he reigned throughout the Second World War. George never expected to become King. He only ascended the throne after his elder brother, King Edward VIII, abdicated to marry Wallis Simpson.

The Queen Mother

Born: 4 August 1900.

Died: 30 March 2002.

Father: Claude Bowes-Lyon.

Mother: Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck.

Spouse: King George VI.

Children: Queen Elizabeth II, Princess Margaret.

Siblings: Violet Hyacinth, Mary Frances, Patrick, John, Alexander Francis, Fergus, Rose Constance, Michael Claude Hamilton and David.

Queen Mother family tree

Born Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon, most of us know King George VI’s wife as The Queen Mother. Seen by many as the matriarch of the modern royals, The Queen Mother was a consistently popular member of the British Monarchy throughout her life. She was 101 years old when she died, just a few weeks after her daughter, Princess Margaret.

King George V

King George V family tree

Born: 3 June 1865.

Died: 20 January 1936.

Father: King Edward VII.

Mother: Queen Alexandra of Denmark.

Spouse: Queen Mary of Teck.

Children: Edward VIII, George VI, Mary, Princess Royal, Prince Henry, Prince George, Prince John.

Siblings: Prince Albert Victor, Louise, Princess Royal, Princess Victoria, Maud, Queen of Norway and Prince Alexander John.

The Queen’s paternal grandfather reigned as King from 1910 until 1936. His time on the throne was set against the backdrop of a series of world-changing events including the First World War, the suffrage movement and the rise of fascism. George V was the first monarch of the House of Windsor.

Queen Mary

Born: 26 May 1867.

Died: 24 March 1953.

Father: Francis, Duke of Teck.

Mother: Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge.

Spouse: King George V.

Children: Edward VIII, George VI, Mary, Princess Royal, Prince Henry, Prince George, Prince John.

Siblings: Adolphus, Francis and Alexander.

Queen Mary family tree

It’s easy to see why Queen Mary carried such a shortened title. Her full name is a real mouthful - Victoria Mary Augusta Louise Olga Pauline Claudine Agnes. Yet, her family simply knew her as ‘May’. Before she married George V, Queen Mary was actually engaged to his elder brother, Prince Albert Victor, but he died unexpectedly before they could marry. Queen Mary's death came just a few weeks before her granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II was crowned.

Claude Bowes-Lyon

Claude Bowes-Lyon family tree

Born: 14 March 1855.

Died: 7 November 1944.

Father: Claude Bowes-Lyon.

Mother: Frances Dora Smith.

Spouse: Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck.

Children: Violet Hyacinth, Mary Frances, Patrick, John, Alexander Francis, Fergus, Rose Constance, Michael Claude Hamilton, Elizabeth (The Queen Mother) and David.

Siblings: Francis, Ernest, Herbert, Patrick, Constance, Kenneth, Mildred Marion, Maud Agnes, Evelyn Mary and Malcolm.

The Queen Mother's father and Queen's grandfather was 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, a.k.a. Lord Glamis. He owned large estates in England and Scotland and enjoyed working on his land. His younger brother, Patrick, won the Wimbledon doubles tennis tournament in 1887.

Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck

Born: 11 September 1862.

Died: 23 June 1938.

Father: Charles Cavendish-Bentinck.

Mother: Caroline Louisa Burnaby.

Spouse: Claude Bowes-Lyon.

Children: Violet Hyacinth, Mary Frances, Patrick, John, Alexander Francis, Fergus, Rose Constance, Michael Claude Hamilton, Elizabeth (The Queen Mother) and David.

Siblings: Charles William, Charles, Ann Violet and Hyacinth Sinetta.

Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck family tree

The Queen’s maternal grandmother was the eldest daughter of a reverend. With a preference for a quiet family life, she was known for her outstanding hosting skills, piano playing and keen interest in gardening. In 1938, Cecilia suffered a heart attack during her granddaughter, Anne-Bowes-Lyon’s wedding and died a few weeks later.

King Edward VII

King Edward VII family tree

Born: 9 November 1841.

Died: 6 May 1910.

Father: Prince Albert.

Mother: Queen Victoria.

Spouse: Queen Alexandra of Denmark.

Children: Prince Albert Victor, George V, Louise, Princess Royal, Princess Victoria, Maud, Queen of Norway and Prince Alexander.

Siblings: Victoria, Alice, Alfred, Princess Helena, Princess Louise, Prince Arthur, Prince Leopold and Princess Beatrice.

Eldest son of the formidable Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, Edward ascended the throne when his mother died in 1901 and only reigned for nine years. With a reputation as a playboy prince, Edward’s relationship with his mother was sometimes strained. Edward VII is a paternal great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II’s, making Queen Victoria her great-great-grandmother.

Alexandra of Denmark

Born: 1 December 1844.

Died: 20 November 1925.

Father: Christian IX of Denmark.

Mother: Louise of Hesse-Kassel.

Spouse: Edward VII.

Children: Prince Albert Victor, George V, Louise, Princess Royal, Princess Victoria, Maud, Queen of Norway and Prince Alexander.

Siblings: Frederick VIII of Denmark, George I of Greece, Princess Dagmar of Denmark, Princess Thyra of Denmark and Prince Valdemar of Denmark.

Queen Alexandra family tree

1863 was a momentous year for Queen Alexandra and her family. She married Edward VII, her father became King of Denmark and her brother became King of Greece, all within a few months of each other. She held the title of Princess of Wales longer than anyone in history, and much like Princess Diana, who also held that prestigious moniker, Alexandra was admired for her fashion sense.

Francis, Duke of Teck

Francis, Duke of Teck family tree

Born: 28 August 1837.

Died: 21 January 1900.

Father: Duke Alexander of Württemberg.

Mother: Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde.

Spouse: Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge.

Children: Queen Mary, Adolphus, Francis and Alexander.

Siblings: Princess Claudine and Princess Amelie.

Francis was Austrian nobility who married into the British Royal Family. He had a distinguished military career in Austria, Germany and Britain. His only daughter, ‘May’ married George V and became Queen Mary in 1893.

Princess Mary Adelaide

Born: 27 November 1833.

Died: 27 October 1897.

Father: Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge.

Mother: Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel.

Spouse: Francis, Duke of Teck.

Children: Queen Mary, Adolphus, Francis and Alexander.

Siblings: Prince George and Princess Augusta.

Princess Mary Adelaide family tree

Queen Mary’s mother and Queen Elizabeth II’s paternal great-grandmother was, in many respects, a pioneering member of the British Royal Family. She dedicated much of her life to charity, yet enjoyed an extravagant lifestyle that saw her family rack up crippling debts. Regrettably, Princess Mary didn’t live long enough to see her only daughter become Queen.

Claude Bowes-Lyon

Claude Bowes-Lyon family tree

Born: 21 July 1824.

Died: 16 February 1904.

Father: Thomas Lyon-Bowes.

Mother: Charlotte Grimstead.

Spouse: Frances Dora Smith.

Children: Claude, Francis, Ernest, Herbert, Patrick, Constance, Kenneth, Mildred Marion, Maud Agnes, Evelyn Mary and Malcolm.

Siblings: Thomas, Thomas, Charlotte, Herbert, Arthur and Frances.

Claude Bowes-Lyon, like his son after him, held the title of Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne. He changed the family name from Lyon-Bowes to Bowes-Lyon and was also a standout cricket player.

Frances Dora Smith

Born: 29 July 1832.

Died: 5 February 1922.

Father: Oswald Smith.

Mother: Henrietta Mildred Hodgson.

Spouse: Claude Bowes-Lyon.

Children: Claude, Francis, Ernest, Herbert, Patrick, Constance, Kenneth, Mildred Marion, Maud Agnes, Evelyn Mary and Malcolm.

Siblings: Isabella, Oswald, Eric Carrington, Laura Charlotte, Beilby and Marion Henrietta.

Frances Dora Smith family tree

The paternal grandmother of The Queen Mother (and great-grandmother of The Queen) had 11 eleven children and outlived her husband, Claude Bowes-Lyon, by 18 years.

Charles Cavendish-Bentinck

Born: 8 November 1817.

Died: 17 August 1865.

Father: Lord Charles Bentinck.

Mother: Anne Wellesley.

Spouses: Sinetta Lambourne and Caroline Louisa Burnaby.

Children: Charles William, Charles, Cecilia, Ann Violet and Hyacinth Sinetta.

Siblings: Georgiana, Anne Hyacinthe, Emily and Arthur.

The Queen Mother’s maternal grandfather was a priest who married twice.

Caroline Louisa Burnaby

Born: 5 December 1832.

Died: 6 July 1918.

Father: Edwyn Burnaby.

Mother: Anne Caroline Salisbury.

Spouses: Charles Cavendish-Bentinck and Harry Warren Scott.

Children: Cecilia, Ann Violet and Hyacinth Sinetta.

Siblings: Edwyn, Cecilia, Gertrude and Ida. 

Like her first husband, Caroline Louisa married twice. She was also widowed twice. Caroline Louisa Burnaby is a maternal great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II.

Have you got royal ancestry?

Discover the records you need to find blue blood in your past and delve into our fascinating Royal Archives records, to see if your family served the monarchy.