Find your ancestors in Lincolnshire Poor Law Removals 1665 - 1865

Learn about these records

Each record contains a transcript of the original record. The information contains can vary but in general you could find out the following about your ancestor:

  • Name
  • Parish
  • Age
  • Name of spouse
  • Names of children
  • Where removed to
  • Additional details about their circumstances

Discover more about the Lincolnshire Poor Law removals

The records contain details of 4910 people removed from the county under the 1662 Poor Law Relief Act between 1665 and 1865.

The records will show a person’s parish of settlement, the place that they are being removed to in order to receive poor relief. The local justices of the peace would often seek to find out where this was by a Pauper Examination. A place of settlement was considered to be the place where you were born, or where you were known. A married woman would be considered to have her husband’s parish, a child its father’s.

The records often give further details of a person’s circumstances. In the case of deserted wives the whereabouts of the husband are often mentioned. In the case of single mothers the ages and birth places of any children will be noted.

Most of the time people moved between parishes in the same county but there are frequent records of those who had come from neighbouring counties as well. Some came from even further with records of people from Ireland and Wales.

Lincolnshire is a historic county in the east of England. It borders Norfolk to the south east, Cambridgeshire to the south, Rutland to the south west, Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire to the west, South Yorkshire in the northwest and the East Riding of Yorkshire to the north. Northamptonshire is in the south. The county town is Lincoln.

Discover more about the 1662 Settlement and Removal Act

In 1662 the Poor Law Relief Act or Settlement Act introduced statutory “settlement certificates” for parish newcomers who could not afford to rent a property for at least £10 a year. Under the law anyone the local justices deemed “likely to be chargeable” to the parish poor rates could be removed to their home parish.

Under the Settlement Act if a person who could not afford the £10 a year rental that exempted you from the act, left their settled parish he had to bring with him a settlement certificate to clarify which parish would be responsible for them if they fell upon hard times. £10 a year was well beyond the wages of the average labourer at the time.

Settlement was granted in a parish on a number of terms. Birth granted an automatic right of settlement. It was also possible to gain residency by living in the parish for forty consecutive days without complaint or to be hired for over a year and a day within the parish. Parishes, however, were reluctant to settlement certificates so people usually stayed where they were.

As England became more industrialised these parish based rules became less desirable. It was argued that the system stopped the free movement of workers. The Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 took the administration of aid for the poor away from the parish and into the hands of Poor Law Unions and set up workhouses. Settlement certificate largely died out after that but were still used in some parishes until the 1860. The Settlement Act was not fully repealed until 1948.

The certificates guaranteed that the home parish would pay the costs of removal if the person became in need of poor relief. Parish justices would deem someone not eligible for the relief fund. The first step in the removal process was usually an examination. The costs of removal were often extremely high.