Find your ancestors in 1841 England, Wales & Scotland Census

The amount of information listed varies, but the 1841 Census records usually include the following information:

  • First name
  • Middle name
  • Last name
  • Sex
  • Birth place
  • Age
  • Place of residence
  • County

You can also search the 1841 census by address, which is ideal for tracing the history of your house or exploring the local history of an area.

By noting how many households there were in a building and whether the household included servants or boarders or visitors, you can gain insight into the social circumstances of the family.

As well as the above details, census returns may also include information that not only helps us to determine who our ancestors were, but that also tell us:

  • Where your ancestors were living
  • Who they were living with
  • What their occupations were
  • If they had any servants
  • Who their neighbours were
  • If they had any brothers and sisters
  • What their ages were at the time of the census

Discover more about the 1841 census

The 1841 census was the first modern census, when the first Registrar General of England and Wales was made responsible for organising the count.

The census was taken on the night of 6 June 1841 and gave the total population as 18,553,124.

The task of counting was passed to local officers of the newly created registration service. This is the earliest census that has survived in its entirety: few of the 1801, 1811, 1821 and 1831 censuses have survived the ravages of time.

1841 was the first time that the head of each household was given a form to fill in on behalf of everyone in the dwelling on a set day. This system still forms the basis of the method used today.

Of course, illiteracy was high in 1841, and anyone unable to read or write would have made use of an enumerator - a literate person who would be collecting the census forms - to help fill in the details. Because of this, however, you may note mistakes that were made, such as name spellings. It should also be noted that many people were often economical with the truth when it came to their ages.

Note: In the 1841 Census there was also a policy of rounding down ages was in place. As such, people aged:

  • 15-19 were recorded as 15
  • 20-24 were recorded as 20
  • 25-29 were recorded as 25
  • 30-34 were recorded as 30
  • 35-39 were recorded as 35...and so on

As well as giving us the above information, the fact that census returns are taken every ten years also allows us to track the movements of our ancestors through time as they perhaps move house, get married, have children or even change occupations.

The 1841 census is the first modern UK census and the earliest census that has survived in its entirety. A small number of permanent gaps exist in the 1841 census. In the enumeration books the following parishes and hamlets are permanently missing from these piece numbers. Some of these parishes and hamlets represent the entirety of the piece, while others are just portions of a piece.


PieceCountyParish or hamlet
89CheshireParish: Malpas (part)
  Bulkeley Chidlow
  Edge Egerton
  Parish: Shocklach
  Church Shocklach
  Oviatt Shocklach
  Parish: Threapwood
192DerbyshireParish: Walton-upon-Trent
404SouthampshireParish: Winnall
465KentParish: Bishopsbourne
467KentParish: Herne Bay
469 KentParish: Reculver
470KentParish: Sturry
  Parish: Swalecliffe
  Parish: Westbere
  Parish: Seasalter Liberty
  Parish: Whitstable
471KentParish: Ashford (part)
475KentParish: Smarden
668MiddlesexParish: St Luke
  West Finsbury
  Old Street
680MiddlesexParish: Paddington
690MiddlesexParish: Kensington (part)
  Kensall Green (part)
797NorthamptonshireParish: Blatherwycke
  Parish: Bulwick
  Parish: Bulwick Short Leys
  Parish: Deene
  Parish: Great Weldon
  Little Weldon
  Parish: Weedon-Beck
798NorthamptonshireParish: Haselbeech
864Piece number not used 
890OxfordshireParish: Yarnton or Yarington
942SomersetParish: Mells
1074SurreyParish: Walton-upon-Thames
  Parish: Weybridge
1075SurreyParish: Malden
1172WiltshireParish: Hardenhuish
1174WiltshireParish: Downton
  East Downton
  Wick & Walton
  Parish: No-Man"s Land
1176WiltshireParish: Patney
1184WiltshireParish: Bishop’s Cannings
  Bourton & Easton
  St James or Southbroom
  Parish: West or Bishop’s Lavington
  Littleton Pannell
1186WiltshireParish: Allcannings
  Fullaway or Fullway 
  Parish: Alton-Barnes
  Parish: Beeching-Stoke
  Parish: Churton or Cherrington
  Parish: East or Market Lavington
  Parish: Marden
  Parish: St Bernard Stanton
  Parish: Urchfont or Erchfont
1286 Yorkshire Wapentake: Claro (Lower Division)Parish: Ripon (part)
  Greenhow Hill (part)


PieceCountyParish or hamlet
1369BreconshireParish: Llanhamlach (Lower Division)
  Llecfaen (Upper Division)
  Parish: Vainor
1404DenbighshireParish: Clocaenog
  Parish: Derwen
  Parish: Llanelidan
  Parish: Llanfair-Dyffrin-Clwyd
1405DenbighshireParish: Llanaron
  Bodidris & Bodidris Truam
  Bodigre"r-Abbot Bodigre"r-Yarll
  Cyfnant Erryrys
1408FlintshireParish: Bangor (part)
  Parish: Erbistock
  Parish: Hope or Estyn
  Hope Owen Rhanberfedd
  Isaf Uwch-y-Mynydd
  Uchaf Uwch-y-Mynydd
  Parish: Llanarmon (part)
  Parish: Threapwood (part)
  Parish: Worthenbury
  Parish: Wrexham (part)
  Abenbury Fechan
  Parish: Malpas (part)
1409FlintshireParish: Gresford (part)
  Merford & Hoseley
1410FlintshireParish: Mold
  Broncoed Gwernafield
  Leeswood Llwynegrin
  Hamlets: Buckley (part)Gwernymynnd
  Pantymwyn Llong
1415GlamorganshireParish: Merthyr-Tydfil
  Garth Gelli-deg
  Taff & Cynon
1416GlamorganshireParish: Cowbridge
1423GlamorganshireParish: St Bride Major
  St Bride
  Lampha (part)


CountyParish or hamlet
 Kirkcaldy and Leslie
 Parts of Abernethy
 Burntisland and Kennoway