Find your ancestors in Search the 1870 US Census

1870 US Census 9th United States Census

Information requested for the 1870 Census

  • Name, Age, Sex, Color
  • Profession, occupation, or trade
  • Value of real estate
  • Value of personal estate
  • Place of birth
  • Was the person's father of foreign birth?
  • Was the person's mother of foreign birth?
  • If the person was born within the last year, which month?
  • If the person was married within the last year, which month?
  • Did the person attend school within the last year?
  • Can the person not read?
  • Can the person not write?
  • Is the person deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic?
  • Is the person a male citizen of the United States of 21 years or upwards?
  • Is the person a male citizen of the United States of 21 years or upwards whose right to vote is denied or abridged on grounds other than "rebellion or other crime?"

What was lost from the 1870 Census?

No major loss of records for the 1870 census

1870 Census Quick Facts

  • It took $3,421,000, approximately 6,530 enumerators and 3,473 published reports to complete the 1870 census
  • The US population increased by 26.6 percent from the 1860 census to the 1870 census.

Historical Events Surrounding 1870 Census

  • November 1, 1870: National Weather Service issues its first weather forecast predicting a windy day in Chicago.
  • March 1, 1872: Yellowstone becomes America’s first National Park
  • August 29, 1877: Brigham Young, First governor of the Utah Territory, founder of Salt Lake City, dies.
  • December 7, 1877: Thomas Edison demonstrates the phonograph in the offices of Scientific American
  • Construction begins for the Brooklyn Bridge in January of 1870